This study investigates the vibration of and power harvested by typical electromagnetic and piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters when applied to vibrating host systems that rotate at constant speed. The governing equations for these electromechanically coupled devices are derived using Newtonian mechanics and Kirchhoff's voltage law. The natural frequency for these devices is speed-dependent due to the centripetal acceleration from their constant rotation. Resonance diagrams are used to identify excitation frequencies and speeds where these energy harvesters have large amplitude vibration and power harvested. Closed-form solutions are derived for the steady-state response and power harvested. These devices have multifrequency dynamic response due to the combined vibration and rotation of the host system. Multiple resonances are possible. The average power harvested over one oscillation cycle is calculated for a wide range of operating conditions. Electromagnetic devices have a local maximum in average harvested power that occurs near a specific excitation frequency and rotation speed. Piezoelectric devices, depending on their mechanical damping, can have two local maxima of average power harvested. Although these maxima are sensitive to small changes in the excitation frequency, they are much less sensitive to small changes in rotation speed.
Energy Harvesting From the Vibrations of Rotating Systems
Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received December 11, 2016; final manuscript received September 11, 2017; published online October 20, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Lei Zuo.
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Cooley, C. G., and Chai, T. (October 20, 2017). "Energy Harvesting From the Vibrations of Rotating Systems." ASME. J. Vib. Acoust. April 2018; 140(2): 021010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038106
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