This article presents a simulation model for reciprocating hermetic compressors. The acoustical behavior of both admission and discharge circuits is analyzed by invoking the discrete element model. Cavities are considered as elastic elements and ducts as rigid elements with inertia according to this model. Reed valves are modeled as systems of three degrees of freedom, and are studied by using modal analysis. The percussive version of Lagrange equations is used to describe the impact between valves and stops or seats. Results from the theoretical model are checked with those experimentally obtained for a real compressor.

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