A double barrel with differential velocity (DBDV) was proposed to improve the mixture quality. Temperature is one of the indexes to evaluate the mixture quality. At present, there are few studies on the heat transfer of DBDV. The heat transfer of particles in DBDV was studied by CFD–DEM to deeply understand the proposed DBDV. The heat transfer process in DBDV was analyzed. The distribution law of the temperature field under the coupling effect of particles and fluid was obtained. The influence of fluid speed on particle temperature and the regeneration proportion in DBDV were analyzed and compared with the existing double barrel. And the main heat transfer mode of particles in DBDV was to be obtained. The results show that the mixture temperature in the proposed DBDV is generally higher than that in the existing DB. And the mixture produced by DBDV is not only friendly to the environment but also the mixture temperature can meet the construction requirements even if more than half of the RAP materials are added to the mixture. Compared with DB, the additional proportion of DBDV is increased by 9.38–20.70%. And the reliability of the simulation work was verified by the indoor experiment platform, which lays a foundation for the application of DBDV.