Radiative heat transfer in oxygen-enhanced inverse flame configurations is an important area of study for fundamental combustion research and for terrestrial and spacecraft fire safety. Motivated by this, heat flux distributions, total radiative heat loss and spectral radiation intensities were investigated experimentally for oxygen-enhanced normal and inverse laminar ethane diffusion flames with increasing heat release rates. The oxygen mole fraction in the oxidizer was varied as 21%, 30%, 50%, and 100% with coflowing normal and inverse flame burners used to stabilize the flames. The inverse diffusion flames were essentially nonluminous while the normal diffusion flames with identical heat release rates were highly luminous. Oxygen enhancement led to reduced flame lengths, increased luminosities and increased total radiative heat loss and spectral radiation intensities for both normal and inverse diffusion flames. Using flame length as the characteristic length parameter, the normalized radiative heat flux distributions for flames approximately collapsed together, further establishing the effectiveness of the single point radiant output measurement technique. Radiative heat loss fractions of normal and inverse diffusion flames with varying oxygen concentrations in the oxidizer are compared. The radiation spectra of all flames included significant contributions from gas radiation from carbon dioxide and water vapor and the radiation spectra of the high oxygen concentration flames included contributions from soot radiation.
Radiation Properties of Oxygen-Enhanced Normal and Inverse Diffusion Flames
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Krishnan, S. S., Saini, M. K., Zheng, Y., and Gore, J. P. (December 9, 2011). "Radiation Properties of Oxygen-Enhanced Normal and Inverse Diffusion Flames." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2012; 134(2): 022701. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005076
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