Abstract

As improved efficiency goals require ever smaller gaps between rotating turbomachinery blade tips and stationary outer casings, it becomes more important to understand the physics of what happens when a blade rubs against the casing. A key piece of information to be determined is the force exerted on the blade tip during the rub event. This paper presents a method of extracting the blade tip rub forces from experiments conducted at The Ohio State University Gas Turbine Laboratory. To identify the forces during the rub, three multi-axis load cells are mounted behind a segment of the casing to measure the forces exerted on the casing during the rub event. Recovering blade tip forcing from this load cell data requires creating an appropriate model that can relate the measured data at the load cells to the high-speed rotating blade loads. The continuous, repeated nature of the rubs in the experiment makes this a challenge. This paper discusses the creation and performance of a state-space realization model developed from stationary ping test data that is used to address these challenges. The model is augmented with information on the angular position of the blades from a rotary encoder and information on the angular span of the rub, which increases with rub depth. Challenges and solutions related to finding tangential frequency responses, simultaneous blade rubs, and irregularities in the experimental data are also discussed. This paper aims to summarize the process and effectiveness of this approach for finding blade tip forces.

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