Control strategy plays a significant role in ensuring system stability and performance as well as equipment protection for maximum service life. This work is aimed at investigating the control strategies for start-up and part-load operating conditions of the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine (SOFC/GT) hybrid system. First, a dynamic SOFC/GT hybrid cycle, based on the thermodynamic modeling of system components, has been successfully developed and simulated in the virtual test bed simulation environment. The one-dimensional tubular SOFC model is based on the electrochemical and thermal modeling, accounting for voltage losses and temperature dynamics. The single cell is discretized using a finite volume method where all the governing equations are solved for each finite volume. Two operating conditions, start-up and part load, are employed to investigate the control strategies of the SOFC/GT hybrid cycle. In particular, start-up control is adopted to ensure the initial rotation speed of a compressor and a turbine for a system-level operation. The control objective for the part-load operation regardless of load changes, as proposed, is to maintain constant fuel utilization and a fairly constant SOFC temperature within a small range by manipulating the fuel mass flow and air mass flow. To this end, the dynamic electrical characteristics such as cell voltage, current density, and temperature under the part load are simulated and analyzed. Several feedback control cycles are designed from the dynamic responses of electrical characteristics. Control cycles combined with control related variables are introduced and discussed.
Control Strategies for Start-Up and Part-Load Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid System
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Jiang, W., Fang, R., Khan, J., and Dougal, R. (November 11, 2009). "Control Strategies for Start-Up and Part-Load Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid System." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. February 2010; 7(1): 011016. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3006197
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