A dynamical model for a class solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) combined heat and power (CHP) test station has been composed using the APROS® environment. The model is based on a real test station being constructed and operated at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and it comprises the following main components of the real test system: the autothermal reforming unit, SOFC stack situated inside a furnace, catalytic afterburner, and three heat exchangers. The constructed model has been verified against experimental results obtained from the autothermal reforming unit, catalytic afterburner, and the two cathode side heat exchangers. The model has been used for the phenomenological studies of the system during current transient simulations using a simplified and fast zero-dimensional model including internal reforming reactions for the SOFC stack. The test station model was capable of operating at a speed of 18 times the real time using a standard personal computer.
Dynamic Model of SOFC CHP Test Station
Saarinen, J., Halinen, M., Ylijoki, J., Noponen, M., Simell, P., and Kiviaho, J. (June 22, 2006). "Dynamic Model of SOFC CHP Test Station." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. November 2007; 4(4): 397–405. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2759502
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