Solidification of PCM Nanocomposite (PCMNC) Inside a Finned Heat Sink: A Macro Scale Model of Nanoparticle Distribution

[+] Author and Article Information
Santosh Sahoo

School of Mechanical Sciences, IIT Bhubaneswar, India-752050

Prasenjit Rath

Member, ASME, School of Mechanical Sciences, IIT Bhubaneswar, India-752050

Mihir K Das

School of Mechanical Sciences, IIT Bhubaneswar, India-752050

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4043596 History: Received November 30, 2018; Revised April 15, 2019


The present work aims at developing a heat transfer model for PCMNC (Phase change material nanocomposite) based finned heat sink to study its heat rejection potential. The proposed model is developed in line with the binary alloy formulation for smaller size nanoparticles. The present study gives a more insight into the nanoparticle distribution while the nanocomposite is undergoing phase change. The nanocomposite is placed in the gap between the fins in a finned heat sink where solidification occurs from the top and lateral sides of fins. The proposed numerical model is based on finite volume method. Fully implicit scheme is used to discretize the transient terms in the governing transport equations. Natural convection in the molten nanocomposite is simulated using the SIMPLER algorithm. Nanoparticle transport is coupled with the energy equation via Brownian and thermophoretic diffusion. Enthalpy porosity approach is used to model the phase change of PCMNC. Scheil rule is used to compute the nanoparticle concentration in the mixture consisting of solid and liquid PCMNC. All the finite volume discrete algebraic equations are solved using the line-by-line Tri-Diagonal-Matrix-Algorithm with multiple sweeping from all possible directions. The proposed numerical model is validated with the existing analytical and numerical models. A comparison in thermal performance is made between the heat sink with homogeneous nanocomposite and with non-homogeneous nanocomposite. Finally, the effect of spherical nanoparticles and platelet nanoparticles to the solidification behavior is compared.

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