Research Papers

Lyapunov Control Strategy for Thermoelectric Cooler Activating an Ice-Clamping System

[+] Author and Article Information
Alexandra Mironova

Institute of Product and Process Innovation,
Leuphana University of Lueneburg,
Lueneburg 21339, Germany
e-mail: mironova@leuphana.de

Paolo Mercorelli, Andreas Zedler

Institute of Product and Process Innovation,
Leuphana University of Lueneburg,
Lueneburg 21339, Germany

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received October 30, 2017; final manuscript received April 5, 2018; published online June 22, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Sandra Boetcher.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 10(4), 041020 (Jun 22, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TSEA-17-1419; doi: 10.1115/1.4040135 History: Received October 30, 2017; Revised April 05, 2018

Deformation-free clamping plays an important role in manufacturing systems helping to ensure zero-defect production. The fixture of workpieces during machining processes poses challenges not only for microparts but also for thin-walled pieces or free-form surfaces in macromanufacturing. To address this challenge, a nontraditional adhesive technique, using frozen water to clamp, is introduced in this paper. By increasing the cooling power and thus reducing the temperature of the clamping plate, higher adhesive ice strength and, therefore, a safer clamping system during machining process, can be achieved. The objective of this investigation is to ensure a stable low temperature and to compensate for thermal disturbances. Thanks to their structural robustness, Lyapunov-based control strategies demonstrate an appropriate capability to achieve these results in real industrial applications. Model design of the clamping system as well as simulation and experimental results are shown and discussed.

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Fig. 1

General illustration of an ice-clamping device with six TECs applying cooling power to chill the aluminum clamping plate, and a heat sink with fans removing the heat on the hot side of the TECs

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Fig. 2

Clamping system model with one TEC and controller simulation in simulink with a detailed view of the Lyapunov-based controller

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Fig. 3

Schematic representation of the measuring setup: cooling power generation for the ice-clamping system by one TEC, powered by pulse-width modulated through the H-Bridge, data acquisition and controller algorithm implementation in Arduino microcontroller

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Fig. 4

Comparison of simulation results with measured data for four different desired temperatures Tcd

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Fig. 5

Comparison of simulated equivalent current input with real current generated by a microcontroller for four different desired temperatures Tcd

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Fig. 6

Temperature and current profile in the presence of two thermal disturbances at Tcd = 270 K with a detailed view of the current response

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Fig. 7

Introduced power and energy by a drilling action with three different drill diameters

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Fig. 8

Process of heat dissemination during high speed milling



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