Research Papers

Improved General Correlation for Heat Transfer During Gas–Liquid Flow in Horizontal Tubes

[+] Author and Article Information
Mirza M. Shah

Life Fellow ASME
Engineering Research Associates,
10 Dahlia Lane,
Redding, CT 06896
e-mail: mshah.erc@gmail.com

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received January 14, 2018; final manuscript received April 2, 2018; published online May 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Wei Li.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 10(5), 051009 (May 21, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TSEA-18-1019; doi: 10.1115/1.4040035 History: Received January 14, 2018; Revised April 02, 2018

Heat transfer to two-component gas–liquid mixtures is needed in many industries but there is lack of a well-verified predictive method. A correlation is presented for heat transfer during flow of gas–liquid nonboiling mixtures in horizontal tubes. It has been verified with a wide range of data that includes tube diameters of 4.3–57 mm, pressures from 1 to 4.1 bar, temperatures from 12 to 62 °C, gravity <0.1% to 100% earth gravity, liquid Reynolds number from 9 to 1.2 × 105, and ratio of gas and liquid velocities from 0.24 to 9298. The 946 data points from 18 sources are predicted with mean absolute deviation (MAD) of 19.2%. The same data were compared to five other correlations; they had much larger deviations. Therefore, the new correlation is likely to be helpful in more accurate designs.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The present correlation in graphical form

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Comparison of the data of Nada [10] with the present and two other correlations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The data of Nino and Ruocco [33] compared to the present and two other correlations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Data of Ruppert [6] for 50 mm diameter tube compared to the present and other correlations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison of the present and Tang and Ghajar [24] correlations with the data of Witte et al. [16] for air–water mixture at near zero gravity



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