Research Papers

Utilization of Advanced Working Fluids With Biporous Evaporators

[+] Author and Article Information
Sean W. Reilly

Ivan Catton

 Los Angeles Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of California, 420 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095catton@ucla.edu

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 3(2), 021006 (Jul 21, 2011) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4004291 History: Received January 25, 2011; Accepted April 14, 2011; Published July 21, 2011; Online July 21, 2011

A novel fluid for use as a working fluid in a heat pipe has been tested at UCLA. The fluid was discovered originally in use with a device consisting of a metal tube charged with the patented inorganic aqueous solution (IAS), which is evaporated when the tube is evacuated before use. According to the patent, this evaporation leaves a thin film that allows the tube to carry high heat flux loads with low temperature drop across the tube in a solid state mode. However, various experiments with these tubes have produced inconsistent results, and there are some questions as to whether the fluid is completely evaporated. The research on which this work is based is focused on testing whether the charging fluid will operate as the working fluid in a heat pipe, in order to determine the nature of the IAS fluid. A heat pipe apparatus was charged with a biporous wick in order to investigate if the fluid plays a role in heat transfer. There are extensive data for this experiment using water as the working fluid, which will be used to compare the two sets of results. Testing has shown a reduction of the superheat required to drive heat fluxes through a wick compared to water by approximately 40%. Some experiments have shown that the operating (temperature) range of the IAS is much larger than a standard heat pipe. It is theorized that the increase in performance of the IAS is due to an increased thermal conductivity of the wick and increased capillarity. If this fluid is proven to be effective, it would lead to more effective and tunable heat transfer devices.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

SEM of wick used with IAS

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Figure 2

SEM of wick used with water

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Figure 3

Demonstration of IAS performance degradation

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Figure 4

Performance of biporous wick with water and IAS

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Figure 5

Boiling target test chamber

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Figure 6

Boiling target sample

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Figure 7

Boiling curve for biporous media

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Figure 8

Schematic of “double layer” wick

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Figure 9

Chemical constituents present in IAS



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