Mechanical shock is a common problem that is present in many situations, such as ground motion, blast, explosions, crash, and impact. The development of passive, active, or adaptive control and isolation strategies for shock-induced vibration has experienced recent interest, typically due to the increasing demand in improved isolation requirements for sensitive equipment subjected to harsh environments. This paper presents a review of some of the significant recent works developed in the field, focusing on novel developments that contribute to the shock isolation. The article explores several isolation approaches considering passive, active, and nonlinear systems discussing both theoretical and experimental results. In addition, important outcomes of the work are reviewed. The paper concludes with suggestions for potential developments, applications, and recommendations for future research.