Magnetic shape memory alloys are a relatively new class of materials that are suitable for actuation, sensing, and power harvesting. The power harvesting capability comes from the change in magnetization that the material exhibits when internal martensitic variants change orientation.
In typical power harvesting tests, the material is loaded with axial compression in the presence of a bias magnetic field applied normal to the compressive loading direction. However, previous results suggest that having a component of the bias magnetic field applied axially, parallel to the compressive stress, can increase the power output of MSMAs.
Furthermore, most of the MSMAs power harvesting results reported to date focused on the open circuit voltage that the material can generate during cyclic loading. However, this information is not indicative of the true power harvesting capability of the material and one has to focus on the power output of the material instead.
This paper presents voltage trends and power output data for a MSMA sample exposed simultaneously to a cyclic compressive stress and bi-axial magnetic field.