Abstract

Construction of combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plants, which are combination of a simple cycle gas turbine (Brayton cycle) and a steam power cycle (Rankine cycle), have increased in recent years due to their high efficiency, low emissions, relative compact size, and minimal delivery time, among other advantages. One key component of CCGT is a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The HRSG is basically a heat exchanger composed of a series of preheaters (economizers), evaporator, reheaters, and superheaters. Combustion gas from gas turbine is used as an energy source for steam generation in the HRSG. Due to high mass flowrate of combustion turbine exhausts gas and injection of water to reduce NOx contents, high vibration and severe noise are created. The noise induces acoustic resonance in the HRSG duct cavities. The high vibration together with the acoustic resonance creates large forces. These forces have been attributed to excitation mechanisms including fluid elastic instability, random turbulence excitation, and periodic wake shedding. Some of the forces are transmitted to the attached pipes. Integrity of the piping system to withstand the forces depends on rigid and variable pipe supports. It is therefore paramount to determine the load induced into the supports to design them adequately. The purpose of this paper is to provide relative magnitude of loads experienced at various pipe supports as a function of distance from the HRSG (load decay). This knowledge is expected to help support designers to optimize material allocation to ensure pipe system integrity at optimum cost.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.