In civil engineering, the smart health monitoring method by use of fiber optic sensor is a new approach that evaluates the structural health situation. The current status in applications of fibre optic structural health monitoring in civil engineering structures with a brief introduction of the advantages, basic principles of fibre optic sensors is described in this paper. Leakage detection and potential damage to pipelines are emphasized. Finally, existing problems for packing and implementing fibre optic sensors in structures are discussed.

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