Abstract

There are significant challenges for materials in extreme environments for a variety of applications such as aircraft engines, gas turbines, nuclear reactors, reentry vehicles, and hypersonic structures. Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) could be ideal candidates to meet these stringent requirements for materials due to their high melting temperatures, high oxidation, corrosion and ablation resistance, low creep, and thermal cycling behavior in such extreme environments. Particularly, continuous fibers can bridge cracks in CMCs and therefore improve the strength and fracture toughness of composites. CMCs are traditionally manufactured by the melting infiltration method. With this method, the high porosity and brittle structure of fabricated CMCs are not capable of withstanding high mechanical and thermal loads. Alternatively, polymer derived ceramic composites are fabricated by incorporating carbon fibers into polymer derived ceramic matrix to achieve high fracture toughness. With the aid of protective coatings with metallic or ceramic materials, such as Nickel and boride nitride, carbon fiber could potentially withstand high temperatures without oxidation. In this study, continuous fiber reinforced silicon oxycarbide composite was manufactured with polysiloxane (PSX) resin and woven carbon fabrics through the polymer infiltration and pyrolysis process (PIP). Re-infiltration of the PSX resin into the composites, curing in an autoclave, and pyrolysis for additional 2 to 10 cycles can increase the yield of ceramics of the composites. A dense structure of the composites was observed by SEM. The EDS results showed that the elemental composition of the composites mainly consisted of carbon, silicon and oxygen. The crystalline structure of the composites was examined through XRD to indicate the degree of polymer pyrolysis to ceramics. The results of four-point bending testing of the composites showed a flexural strength of 62.17MPa, a flexural modulus of 51.30GPa, and a fracture toughness of 1.3 × 108J/m3.

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