In this paper, a new technique, using a tiny thermistor with 0.3~0.5mm in diameter to determine thermal conductivity of biomaterials in wide temperature range, has been developed. Based on steady spherical heat transfer in an infinite homogeneous medium, thermal conductivity of the measured medium can be determined by power applied and temperature rise of the thermistor. Compared with recommended values, maximum measurement errors of standard samples, aqueous glycol and CaCl2 solutions, water and ice, are 5.1% in temperature range 233~313K. The thermal conductivities of rabbit’s liver, kidney, heart and carotid artery in temperature range 233~293K are determined. Error caused by measurement parameters, effects of the finite scale of the measured medium and the decoupler between the thermistor and the medium are analyzed.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.