The essential characteristics of machining robots are their stiffness and their accuracy. For machining tasks, serial robots have many advantages such as large workspace to footprint ratio, but they often lack the stiffness required for accurately milling hard materials. One way to increase the stiffness of serial manipulators is to make their joints using closed-loop or parallel mechanisms instead of using classical prismatic and revolute joints. This increases the accuracy of a manipulator without reducing its workspace. This paper introduces an innovative two degrees of freedom closed-loop mechanism and shows how it can be used to build serial robots featuring both high stiffness and large workspace. The design of this mechanism is described through its geometric and kinematic models. Then, the kinematic performance of the mechanism is analyzed, and a serial arrangement of several such mechanisms is proposed to obtain a potential design of a machining robot.

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