This paper presents a method to determine optimum topologies of two dimensional elastic planar structures by using conformal mappings. We use the conformal mappings which is known to be effective in two dimensional fluid mechanics, electromagnetics and elasticity by complex coordinate transformation. We show that two invariants of stress can satisfy the Laplace equation, and then we clarify that corresponding relationships between fluid mechanics and electromagnetics can also be valid in the theory of elasticity. Then, presented a method to obtain optimum topologies is easier than by the conventional methods. We treated several numerical examples by the presented method. Through numerical examples, we can examine the effectiveness of the proposed method.