The overall cooling effectiveness, which represents the distribution of dimensionless temperature on gas turbines surface, is an important parameter for conjugate heat transfer analysis of gas turbines. Generally, it is difficult to measure the overall cooling effectiveness in engine condition. However, the overall cooling effectiveness can be measured in the laboratory by matching the appropriate parameters to those of the actual turbine blade. Thus, it is important to evaluate the key parameters of matching methods. In this paper, the effects of adiabatic film effectiveness and Biot number on the overall cooling effectiveness were investigated with an impingement/effusion model by numerical simulation, in which 3-D steady RANS approach with the k–ω SST turbulence model were used. The tested plate had 8 cylinder hole rows of 30 degree inclined angle, and the internal cooling employed staggered array jet impingements. The matching performance was evaluated by comparing the results in both typical engine condition and laboratory condition. The analogy principles were discussed in detail, the results showed that the overall cooling effectiveness can be matched by using different matching principles in different lab condition. The theoretical analysis was verified by numerical results. The distribution and values of overall cooling effectiveness can be matched well between engine condition and lab condition by matching both temperature ratio, mainstream side Biot number and blowing ratio. If the temperature ratio is mismatched, the momentum flux ratio will be an important parameter for overall cooling effectiveness. Matching momentum flux ratio will reduce the difference of the adiabatic cooling effectiveness and heat transfer ratio between engine condition and laboratory condition.

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