Computational models and three-dimensional prints were developed to aid in the pre-procedural planning of a LVAD exchange surgery. Clinical imaging was used to model and segment the anatomy and implanted device for computational implantation and 3D printing. The physicians visualized the pre-procedural anatomy in a 3D space to better understand the device-tissue-interface of the current implant and assess the optimal location for surgical entry. The models also contributed to the education of the surgical team by providing hands-on tools to understand the planned steps involved in the procedure.

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