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research-article

Comprehensive Study on the Effect of CuO Nano fluids prepared using One-Step Chemical Synthesis Method on the behavior of Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel in C.I Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Ramanathan Velmurugan

Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India
vramanathan@hindustanuniv.ac.in

Jaikumar Mayakrishnan

Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India
mjaikumar@hindustanuniv.ac.in

Induja S

Department of Chemistry, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India
sinduja@hindustanuniv.ac.in

Selvakumar Raja

Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India
rselvak@hindustanuniv.ac.in

Sasikumar Nandagopal

Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India
nskumar@hindustanuniv.ac.in

Dr. Ravishankar Sathyamurthy

Department of Automobile Engineering, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai-603103, Tamil Nadu, India; Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
raviannauniv23@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041878 History: Received October 02, 2018; Revised October 20, 2018

Abstract

The present investigation aims at analyzing various parameters of single cylinder 4-stroke CI engine fueled with Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel (WCOB), Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel Water Emulsion (WCOBE) while the engine is operated with a constant speed of 1500 rpm. Furthermore, an attempt is made to study the impact of nanofluids in the behavior of the engine fueled with WCOB blended with nanofluids (WCOBN50). This work also explored a novel method of producing nanofluids using one-step chemical synthesis method. Copper Oxide (CuO) nanofluids were prepared by the above mentioned method and blended with Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel (WCOBN50) using ethylene glycol as a suitable emulsifier. Results revealed that Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) and Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) of WCOBN50 are significantly improved when compared to WCOB and WCOBE. Furthermore, a higher reduction in Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Hydrocarbon (HC), and smoke emissions were observed with WCOBN50 on comparison with all other tested fuels at different power outputs. It is also identified that one step chemical synthesis method is a promising technique for preparing nanofluids with a high range of stability.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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