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Research Papers

Application of Jets and Vortex Generators to Improve Air-Cooling and Temperature Uniformity in a Simple Battery Pack

[+] Author and Article Information
Seham Shahid

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
e-mail: seham.shahid@uoit.net

Martin Agelin-Chaab

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology,
2000 Simcoe Street North,
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
e-mail: martin.agelin-chaab@uoit.ca

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received January 5, 2018; final manuscript received September 10, 2018; published online October 31, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Amir Jokar.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 11(2), 021005 (Oct 31, 2018) (16 pages) Paper No: TSEA-18-1011; doi: 10.1115/1.4041493 History: Received January 05, 2018; Revised September 10, 2018

In this paper, the problem of air cooling and temperature nonuniformity at the cell and pack level is addressed. Passive techniques are developed by integrating jet inlets and vortex generators (VGs) in a simple battery pack with the goal to achieve an effective cooling, and the desired temperature uniformity at the cell and pack level to less than 5 °C, without an increase in the required mass flow and power requirements. Moreover, various configurations of the developed techniques are assessed and compared. In order to achieve the objectives, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is used to conduct numerical studies on the battery packs. The results concluded that by adding both the delta winglet (DW) vortex generator arrays and jet inlet arrays in the same configuration, improvements in temperature reduction and uniformity can be achieved. The results showed that the maximum temperature of the battery pack was reduced by ∼6% and the temperature uniformity at the pack level was increased by 24%. Additionally, a ∼37% improvement in the temperature uniformity at cell level was achieved.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Basic vortex generator forms: (a) delta wing, (b) rectangular wing, (c) delta winglet, and (d) rectangular winglet vortex generators (modified from Ref. [15])

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Fig. 2

Top view of schematics of (a) cells' arrangement, (b) case 1 (baseline configuration), (c) case 2, (d) case 3, (e) case 4, and (f) case 5

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Fig. 3

A CAD model of (a) delta winglet multiple vortex generator and (b) rectangular winglet multiple vortex generator

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Fig. 4

Various views of the CAD model of case 3

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Fig. 5

Comparison of (a) velocity and (b) temperature for the coarse, medium, and fine meshes

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Fig. 6

Sample mesh of case 3

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Fig. 7

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the horizontal plane at 52 mm from the base of the battery pack for case 1

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Fig. 8

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the horizontal plane at 52 mm from the base of the battery pack for case 2

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Fig. 9

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the horizontal plane at 52 mm from the base of the battery pack for case 3

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Fig. 10

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the vertical plane along the center of row 2 for case 1

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Fig. 11

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the vertical plane along the center of row 2 for case 3

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Fig. 12

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the vertical plane along the center of the battery pack for case 1

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Fig. 13

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the vertical plane along the center of the battery pack for case 3

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Fig. 14

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the horizontal plane at 52 mm from the base of the battery pack for case 4

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Fig. 15

Contours of (a) velocity, (b) turbulence kinetic energy, and (c) temperature in the horizontal plane at 52 mm from the base of the battery pack for case 5

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