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Research Papers

Thermal Stability Experimental Study on Three Types of Organic Binary Phase Change Materials Applied in Thermal Energy Storage System

[+] Author and Article Information
Song Mengjie

Energy Research Institute at NTU (ERI@N),
Research Techno Plaza,
Nanyang Technological University,
50 Nanyang Drive,
Singapore 637553;
Department of Energy Engineering,
School of Materials and Energy,
Guangdong University of Technology,
Guangzhou, China

Liao Liyuan, Hu Yanxin

Department of Energy Engineering,
School of Materials and Energy,
Guangdong University of Technology,
Guangzhou, China

Niu Fuxin

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Alabama,
Tuscaloosa, AL 35478

Mao Ning

College of Pipeline and Civil Engineering,
China University of Petroleum (East China),
Qingdao, Shandong, China
e-mail: maoningcas@hotmail.com

Liu Shengchun

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Refrigeration
Technology,
Tianjin University of Commerce,
Tianjin, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received September 6, 2017; final manuscript received January 24, 2018; published online May 8, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Steve Q. Cai.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 10(4), 041018 (May 08, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: TSEA-17-1336; doi: 10.1115/1.4039702 History: Received September 06, 2017; Revised January 24, 2018

Phase change materials (PCMs) are widely applied in recent decades due to their good thermal performance in energy systems. Their applications are mainly limited by the phase change temperature and latent heat. Many publications are reported around the characteristic improvement of binary organic PCMs. The thermal stability study on organic binary PCMs used in thermal energy storage applications becomes fundamental and meaningful. In this study, thermal stability of three types of organic binary PCMs was experimentally investigated, which are frequently used in building and industry applications. To qualitatively investigate the stability of composite PCMs, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectra testing of samples were also conducted. Experimental results showed that the selected composite PCMs, capric acid (CA), and myristic acid (MA), had the best thermal performances, with its phase change temperature unchanged and heat of fusion decreased only 8.88 J/g, or 4.55%, after 2000 thermal cycles. Furthermore, quality ratio of required PCMs as the variation of operation duration was analyzed to quantitatively prepare the materials. The PCMs can successfully operate about 3125 times when prepared as 1.20 times of its calculated value by starting fusion heat. Conclusions of this research work can also be used for guiding the selection and preparation of other energy storage materials.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Ball-and-stick models of four acids

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of thermal cycling experimental setup

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Fig. 3

Schematic of sample testing unit and its location

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Fig. 4

Photos of the samples before and after 4000 times thermal cycles: (a) before thermal cycles, (b) after 4000 times thermal cycles, (c) outside of samplings after 4000 times thermal cycles, and (d) inside of tube after 4000 times thermal cycles

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Fig. 5

Differential scanning calorimetry curves showing melting temperatures and latent heat of sample A

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Fig. 6

Differential scanning calorimetry curves showing melting temperatures and latent heat of sample B

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Fig. 7

Differential scanning calorimetry curves showing melting temperatures and latent heat of sample C

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Fig. 8

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of sample A after different thermal cycles

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Fig. 9

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of sample B after different thermal cycles

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Fig. 10

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of sample C after different thermal cycles

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Fig. 11

Variations of phase change temperature for three samples

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Fig. 12

Variations of latent heat of fusion for three samples

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Fig. 13

Quality ratio of required PCMs as the variation of operation duration

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