Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Characteristics in a Heat Exchanger Tube Fitted with Inserts

[+] Author and Article Information
Alaa Mahfouz

Research Assistant, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Cairo University, Egypt

Waleed Abdelmaksoud

Assistant Professor, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Cairo University, Egypt

Essam E. Khalil

Professor, Fellow ASME, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Cairo University, Egypt

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038707 History: Received May 24, 2017; Revised October 12, 2017


The aim of this study is to simulate and analyze the heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics for a tube of a heat exchanger fitted with inserts. The purpose of these inserts is to increase the heat transfer rate and improve the thermal performance of the heat exchanger. In the present study, several types of tube inserts are simulated via a commercial CFD (computational fluid dynamics) solver. These insert types are presented as a single tube fitted with twisted tapes, twisted tapes with rod, and helical twisted tapes with rod. To assess the performance of each insert type, the CFD results are presented in dimensionless form such as the Nusselt number (Nu), friction factor (f), and performance evaluation criteria (PEC). Additionally, useful dimensionless correlations are developed and presented in this paper to predict the performance of the heat exchanger over a wide range of Reynolds number and tape twist ratio. To ensure accurate CFD results, grid independence test and model validation study against previously reported experimental data were performed.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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