0
Research Papers

Modeling Forced Convection Nanofluid Heat Transfer Using an Eulerian–Lagrangian Approach

[+] Author and Article Information
Sandipkumar Sonawane

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
NDMVP's KBT College of Engineering,
Udoji Maratha Boarding Campus,
Gangapur Road,
Nashik 422013, India
e-mail: sbsonawane1980@gmail.com

Upendra Bhandarkar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,
Powai, Mumbai 400076, India
e-mail: bhandarkar@iitb.ac.in

Bhalchandra Puranik

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,
Powai, Mumbai 400076, India
e-mail: puranik@iitb.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received February 25, 2015; final manuscript received October 29, 2015; published online March 22, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Srinath V. Ekkad.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 8(3), 031001 (Mar 22, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: TSEA-15-1055; doi: 10.1115/1.4032734 History: Received February 25, 2015; Revised October 29, 2015

An Eulerian–Lagrangian model is used to simulate turbulent-forced convection heat transfer in internal flow using dilute nanofluids. For comparison, a single-phase model of the nanofluid which describes a nanofluid as a single-phase fluid with appropriately defined thermophysical properties is also implemented. The Eulerian–Lagrangian model, which requires only the properties of the base fluid and nanoparticles separately, is seen to predict the heat transfer characteristics accurately without resort to any models for the thermophysical properties. The simulations with the single-phase model show that it can very well be used to predict the heat transfer behavior of dilute nanofluids as long as the thermophysical properties are directly those measured experimentally or those predicted from a Brownian motion based model. These approaches are particularly useful for engineering estimation of heat transfer performance of equipment where nanofluids are expected to be used.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Chandrasekar, M. , Suresh, S. , and Chandra Bose, A. , 2010, “ Experimental Investigations and Theoretical Determination of Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Al2O3/Water Nanofluid,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 34(2), pp. 210–216. [CrossRef]
Yoo, D. , Hong, K. S. , and Yang, H. , 2007, “ Study of Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids for the Applications of Heat Transfer Fluids,” Thermochim. Acta, 455, pp. 66–69. [CrossRef]
Das, S. K. , Putra, N. , Theisen, P. , and Roetzel, W. , 2003, “ Temperature Dependence of Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of Nanofluids,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 125(4), pp. 567–574. [CrossRef]
Duangthongsuk, W. , and Wongwises, S. , 2009, “ Measurement of Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of TiO2-Water Nanofluids,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 33(4), pp. 706–714. [CrossRef]
Murshed, S. M. S. , Leong, K. C. , and Yang, C. , 2008, “ Investigations of Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Nanofluids,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., 47(5), pp. 560–568. [CrossRef]
Oh, D. , Jain, A. , Eaton, J. , Goodson, K. , and Lee, J. , 2008, “ Thermal Conductivity Measurement and Sedimentation Detection of Aluminium Oxide Nanofluids by Using the 3 Omega Method,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 29(5), pp. 1456–1461. [CrossRef]
Murshed, S. M. S. , and Leong, K. C. , 2005, “ Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of TiO2-Water Based Nanofluids,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., 44(4), pp. 367–373. [CrossRef]
Pak, B. C. , and Cho, Y. I. , 1998, “ Hydrodynamic and Heat Transfer Study of Dispersed Fluids With Submicron Metallic Oxide Particles,” Exp. Heat Transfer, 11(2), pp. 151–170. [CrossRef]
Xuan, Y. , and Li, Q. , 2003, “ Investigation on Convective Heat Transfer and Flow Features of Nanofluids,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 125(1), pp. 151–155. [CrossRef]
Duangthongsuk, W. , and Wongwises, S. , 2010, “ An Experimental Study on the Heat Transfer Performance and Pressure Drop of TiO2-Water Nanofluids Flowing Under a Turbulent Flow Regime,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 53, pp. 334–344. [CrossRef]
Farajollahi, B. , Etemad, S. Gh. , and Hojjat, M. , 2010, “ Heat Transfer of Nanofluids in a Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 53, pp. 12–17. [CrossRef]
Kayhani, M. , Soltanzadeh, H. , Heyhat, M. , Nazari, M. , and Kowsary, F. , 2012, “ Experimental Study of Convective Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of TiO2/Water Nanofluid,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 39(3), pp. 456–462. [CrossRef]
Syam Sunder, L. , Naik, M. , Sharma, K. , Singh, M. , and Siva Reddy, T. , 2012, “ Experimental Investigation of Forced Convection Heat Transfer and Friction Factor in a Tube With Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanofluid,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 37, pp. 65–71. [CrossRef]
Yousefi, T. , Veysi, F. , Shojaeizadeh, E. , and Zinadini, S. , 2012, “ An Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Al2O3-H2O Nanofluid on the Efficiency of Flat-Plate Solar Collectors,” Renewable Energy, 39(1), pp. 293–298. [CrossRef]
Peyghambarzadeh, S. , Hashemabadi, S. , Hoseini, S. , and Seifi Jamnani, M. , 2011, “ Experimental Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Water/Ethylene Glycol Based Nanofluids as a New Coolant for Car Radiators,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 38(9), pp. 1283–1290. [CrossRef]
Hojjat, M. , Etemad, S. , Bagheri, R. , and Thibault, J. , 2011, “ Turbulent Forced Convection Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Nanofluids,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 35(7), pp. 1351–1356. [CrossRef]
He, Y. , Jin, Y. , Chen, Y. , Ding, Y. , Cang, D. , and Lu, H. , 2007, “ Heat Transfer and Flow Behavior of Aqueous Suspensions of TiO2 Nanoparticles (Nanofluids) Flowing Upward Through a Vertical Pipe,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 50, pp. 2272–2281. [CrossRef]
Sonawane, S. , Patankar, K. , Fogla, A. , Puranik, B. , Bhandarkar, U. , and Sunil Kumar, S. , 2011, “ An Experimental Investigation of Thermo-Physical Properties and Heat Transfer Performance of Al2O3-Aviation Turbine Fuel Nanofluids,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 31, pp. 2841–2849. [CrossRef]
Sonawane, S. , Bhandarkar, U. , Puranik, B. , and Sunil Kumar, S. , 2012, “ Experimental Characterization of Aviation Turbine Fuel-Metal Oxide Nanofluids for Internal Forced Convection Heat Transfer Enhancement,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 26(4), pp. 619–628. [CrossRef]
Bianco, V. , Manca, O. , and Nardini, N. , 2011, “ Numerical Investigation on Nanofluids Turbulent Convection Heat Transfer Inside a Circular Tube,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., 50(3), pp. 341–349. [CrossRef]
Maiga, S. , Nguyen, C. , Galanis, N. , and Roy, G. , 2004, “ Heat Transfer Behaviour of Nanofluids in a Uniformly Heated Tube,” Superlattices Microstruct., 35, pp. 543–557. [CrossRef]
Rostamani, M. , Hosseinizadeh, S. , Gorji, M. , and Khodadadi, J. , 2010, “ Numerical Study of Turbulent Forced Convection Flow of Nanofluids in a Long Horizontal Duct Considering Variable Properties,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass transfer, 37(10), pp. 1426–1431. [CrossRef]
Rahman, M. , Billah, M. , Rahman, A. , Kalam, M. , and Ahsan, A. , 2011, “ Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer Enhancement of Nanofluids in an Inclined Lid-Driven Triangular Enclosure,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 38(10), pp. 1360–1367. [CrossRef]
Demir, H. , Dalkilic, A. , Kureka, N. , Duangthongsuk, W. , and Wongwises, S. , 2011, “ Numerical Investigation on the Single Phase Forced Convection Heat Transfer Characteristics of TiO2 Nanofluids in a Double Tube Counter Flow Heat Exchanger,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 38(2), pp. 218–228. [CrossRef]
Lotfi, R. , Saboohi, Y. , and Rashidi, A. , 2010, “ Numerical Study of Forced Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids: Comparison of Different Approaches,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 37(1), pp. 74–78. [CrossRef]
He, Y. , Men, Y. , Zhao, Y. , Lu, H. , and Ding, Y. , 2009, “ Numerical Investigation Into the Convective Heat Transfer of TiO2 Nanofluids Flowing Through a Straight Tube Under the Laminar Flow Conditions,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 29(10), pp. 1965–1972. [CrossRef]
Wen, D. , Zhang, L. , and He, Y. , 2009, “ Flow and Migration of Nanoparticle in a Single Channel,” Heat Mass Transfer, 45(8), pp. 1061–1067. [CrossRef]
Bianco, V. , Chiacchio, F. , Manca, O. , and Nardini, S. , 2009, “ Numerical Investigation of Nanofluids Forced Convection in Circular Tubes,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 29, pp. 3632–3642. [CrossRef]
Aminfar, H. , and Motallebzadeh, R. , 2011, “ Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Nanoparticle Diameter on Velocity Field and Nanoparticle Distribution of Nanofluid Using Lagrangian-Eulerian Approach,” J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32(9), pp. 1311–1317. [CrossRef]
Fluent, 2005, Fluent 6.2 User Manual, Fluent, Inc., New York.
Morsi, S. , and Alexander, A. , 1972, “ An Investigation of Particle Trajectories in Two Phase Flow Systems,” J. Fluid Mech., 55(2), pp. 193–208. [CrossRef]
Incropera, F. P. , and DeWitt, D. P. , 2002, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 5th ed., Wiley, Singapore.
Prasher, R. , Bhattacharya, P. , and Phelan, P. , 2006, “ Brownian-Motion-Based Convective-Conductive Model for the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 128(6), pp. 588–595. [CrossRef]
Masoumi, N. , Sohrabi, N. , and Behzadmehr, A. , 2009, “ A New Model for Calculating the Effective Viscosity of Nanofluids,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 42(5), p. 055501. [CrossRef]
Jang, S. P. , and Choi, S. U. S. , 2004, “ Role of Brownian Motion in the Enhanced Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 84(21), pp. 4316–4318. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of the configuration under investigation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Bulk temperature of ATF as a function of developed region length for Re = 9000

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Local Nusselt number for ATF as a function of developed region length for Re = 9000

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Comparison of the numerical predictions with the experimental data and with the predictions using the Dittus–Boelter correlation for pure ATF

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison of numerically predicted pressure drop with the experimentally measured values for ATF–CuO nanofluid at 50 °C mean fluid temperature

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Comparison of numerically predicted heat transfer coefficients with the experimentally measured values for ATF–CuO nanofluid at 0.3% particle volume concentration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Comparison of the numerical predictions with the experimental results, Gnielinski correlation, and Dittus–Boelter equation for ATF–CuO nanofluid

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Comparison of the numerical predictions with the experimental results, Gnielinski correlation, and Dittus–Boelter equation for ATF–Al2O3 nanofluid

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Comparison of the numerical predictions with experimental results, Gnielinski correlation, and Dittus–Boelter equation for ATF–TiO2 nanofluid

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

(a) Temperature distribution of ATF–CuO nanofluid at 0.3% particle volume concentration and constant wall temperature boundary conditions and (b) enlarged view close to the wall

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Numerical prediction comparison with experimental data reported by Kayhani et al. [12] at 0.1% particle volume concentration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Numerical prediction comparison with experimental data reported by Kayhani et al. [12] at 0.5% particle volume concentration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Effect of Brownian force on heat transfer coefficient of ATF + 0.3% Al2O3 nanofluid in laminar region

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Effect of Brownian force on Nusselt number of ATF + 0.3% Al2O3 nanofluid in laminar region

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In