Research Papers

Ice Slurry Generation for Direct Contact Cooling

[+] Author and Article Information
Koji Fumoto

Department of Intelligent
Machines and Engineering,
Graduate School of Science and Technology,
Hirosaki University,
3 Bunkyo-cho,
Hirosaki 036-8561, Japan
e-mail: kfumoto@cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp

Toshiki Sato, Takao Inamura

Department of Intelligent
Machines and Engineering,
Graduate School of Science and Technology,
Hirosaki University,
3 Bunkyo-cho,
Hirosaki 036-8561, Japan

Tsuyoshi Kawanami

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Graduate School of Engineering,
Kobe University,
1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku,
Kobe 657-8501, Japan

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received August 28, 2014; final manuscript received December 8, 2014; published online December 4, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Ziad Saghir.

J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl 8(2), 021007 (Dec 04, 2015) (5 pages) Paper No: TSEA-14-1199; doi: 10.1115/1.4031923 History: Received August 28, 2014; Revised December 08, 2014

Ice slurry has attracted a great deal of attention as a coolant for direct contact cooling. In this study, we generated ice slurry by the method of pressure shift freezing (PSF), which is based on the freezing-point depression of an aqueous solution at high-pressure conditions. As a result, the basic characteristics of the ice slurry generation are clarified. Moreover, the physical properties of the ice slurry indicate that the shape of an ice particle in the ice slurry is strongly affected by both the supercooling degree and the aqueous solution concentration.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Saito, A. , 2002, “ Recent Advances in Research on Cold Thermal Energy Storage,” Int. J. Refrig., 25(2), pp. 177–189. [CrossRef]
Zhang, P. , and Ma, Z. W. , 2012, “ An Overview of Fundamental Studies and Applications of Phase Change Material Slurries to Secondary Loop Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 16(7), pp. 5021–5058. [CrossRef]
Kauffeld, M. , Wang, M. J. , Goldstein, V. , and Kasza, K. E. , 2010, “ Ice Slurry Applications,” Int. J. Refrig., 33(8), pp. 1491–1505. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Losada, V. , Barros, V. J. , and Aubourg, S. P. , 2007, “ Rancidity Development in Frozen Pelagic Fish: Influence of Slurry Ice as Preliminary Chilling Treatment,” LWT Food Sci. Tech., 40(6), pp. 991–999. [CrossRef]
Becker, L. , and Kasza, K. , 2000, Rapid Induction of Hypothermia Using Phase Change Ice Slurry: Targeted Cooling of the Heart and Brain During Cardiac Arrest, American Heart Association, New Orleans, LA.
Asaoka, T. , Saito, A. , Okawa, S. , Kumano, H. , and Hozumi, T. , 2009, “ Vacuum Freezing Type Ice Slurry Production Using Ethanol Solution 2nd Report: Investigation on Evaporation Characteristics of Ice Slurry in Ice Production,” Int. J. Refrig., 32(3), pp. 394–401. [CrossRef]
Stamatiou, R. , Meewisse, J. W. , and Kawaji, M. , 2005, “ Ice Slurry Generation Involving Moving Parts,” Int. J. Refrig., 28(1), pp. 60–72. [CrossRef]
Chibana, K. , Kang, C. , Okada, M. , Matsumoto, K. , and Kawagoe, T. , 2002, “ Continuous Formation of Slurry Ice by Cooling Water–Oil Emulsion in a Tube,” Int. J. Refrig., 25(2), pp. 259–266. [CrossRef]
Kozawa, Y. , Aizawa, N. , and Tanino, M. , 2005, “ Study on Ice Storing Characteristics in Dynamic-Type Ice Storage System by Using Supercooled Water: Effects of the Supplying Conditions of Ice-Slurry at Deployment to District Heating and Cooling System,” Int. J. Refrig., 28(1), pp. 73–82. [CrossRef]
Sanz, P. D. , Molina-Gracia, A. D. , Diaz, J. M. , de Elvirea, C. , and Otero, L. , 2001, “ Obtaining Homogeneously Dispersed Ice Crystals by High-Pressure-Shift-Freezing,” 3rd IIR Workshop in Ice Slurries, Lucerne, Switzerland, pp. 113–118.
Kumano, H. , Asaoka, T. , Saito, A. , and Okawa, S. , 2009, “ Formulation of the Latent Heat of Fusion of Ice in Aqueous Solution,” Int. J. Refrig., 32(1), pp. 175–182. [CrossRef]
JSME, 1983, Data Book: Thermophysical Properties of Fluids, JSME, Tokyo, Japan (in Japanese).
Zhu, S. , Ramaswamy, H. S. , and Bail, A. L. , 2005, “ Ice-Crystal Formation in Gelatin Gel During Pressure Shift Versus Conventional Freezing,” J. Food Eng., 66(1), pp. 69–76. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of experimental apparatus

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Pressure–temperature phase diagram of water

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Freezing-point depression by pressurization

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Ice slurry generated from low-concentration sodium chloride solution with PSF

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Ice particle of ice slurry from 1.0 wt. % ethanol solution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Ice particle of ice slurry from de-ionized water (Tsup = 1.0 K)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Ice particle size distribution at 1.0 wt. % ethanol solution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Dependence of IPF on supercooling degree for sodium chloride solution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Dependence of IPF on supercooling degree for de-ionized water




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In